Jeep Grand Cherokee

1993-1999 of release

Repair and car operation



Jeep Grand Cherokee
+ Cars of mark Jeep Grand Cherokee
+ Options and routine maintenance
+ Рядный the six-cylinder engine
+ Engine V8
- Procedure of the general and engine major repairs
   The general information
   Engine major repairs - the general information
   Check компрессионного pressure in cylinders
   The diagnostic checks made by means of the vacuum gauge
   Methods of removal of the engine and necessary safety measures
   Removal and engine installation
   Variants of restoration of the engine
   Order of dismantling of the engine
   Dismantling of a head of cylinders
   Cleaning and check of a condition of a head of cylinders
   Service of valves
   Assemblage of a head of cylinders
   Removal of shatunno-piston assemblages
   Removal of a cranked shaft
   Cleaning of the block of the engine
   Check of a condition of the block of the engine
   Хонингование cylinders
   Check of a condition of shatunno-piston assemblages
   Check of a condition of a cranked shaft
   Check of a condition radical and шатунных bearings
   Assembly order of the engine after end of its major repairs
   Installation of a cranked shaft and check of backlashes of radical bearings
   Installation of piston rings
   Installation of shatunno-piston assemblages and check of backlashes in шатунных bearings
   The first start of the engine after major repairs
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioning
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ System of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and engine management
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Automatic transmission
+ Distributing box
+ Coupling and трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ System of an onboard electric equipment
+ Controls and operation receptions




Cleaning and check of a condition of a head of cylinders

Cleaning

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Carefully clear a head () cylinders and components клапанного the mechanism, then make check (their) its condition that will allow to define volume of a necessary recovery work on клапанному to the mechanism during performance of major repairs of the engine.

It is necessary to have in view of that if during car operation strong overheats of the engine the head of cylinders probably will appear took place is deformed (planeness of its interfaced surface) is broken.

  1. Scratch out all traces of a material of an old lining and hermetic from interfaced surfaces of a head, the inlet pipeline and a final collector. Try not to damage thus a head. The special solvents which application allows to soften a lining material are issued - ask in shops of automobile accessories.
  2. Remove from охладительных channels all traces of a scum.
  3. Small apertures clean by means of a special rigid brush - ершика.
  4. All carving apertures banish a tap of the corresponding size, having removed corrosion and hermetic traces and having restored the damaged coils. In the presence of access to a source of compressed air blow apertures, having removed from a bottom a shaving and small dust.

At using the compressed air necessarily put on goggles!

  1. Rigid brush clean carvings of basic bolts коромысел.
  2. Wash out a head solvent and carefully dry it. Application of compressed air will allow to reduce essentially process of drying of a head and will give a guarantee of qualitative procleaning of all channels, apertures and remote cavities.

Useful at cleaning of a head and components клапанного the mechanism there will be an application декарбонизирующих structures. Remember that such structures are usually rather aggressive and to use them follows with extra care. Try to adhere strictly to instructions of the manufacturers applied on packing.

  1. Wash out коромысла, their basic bolts, or spherical support, fixing nuts or bolts and bars of pushers in solvent, then carefully dry them (remember necessity of installation of all components at assemblage on the former places - try not to mix a detail during cleaning). Application of compressed air will help to reduce process of drying of components and will provide carefulness of a purge of apertures and channels.
  2. Wash out in solvent all клапанные springs, their saddles, crackers, plates (or rotary support), then carefully dry them. Make cleaning of components of each of valves serially for the purpose of maintenance of a guarantee of possibility of their installation at assemblage on the former places.
  3. Scratch out the thickest layers of adjournment from surfaces of plates of valves, then absolutely smooth out valves (both plates and cores) by means of a wire nozzle on an electrodrill. Again watch to mixing components.

Condition check

Before coming to conclusion about necessity of carrying out of machining of components it is necessary to execute all from the listed checks. Make the list of the components demanding especially attentive relation.

Head of cylinders

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Carefully check up a head on presence of cracks, traces of leaks of a cooler and other damages. In case of detection of cracks it is necessary to replace a head (in case of impossibility of its restoration - consult in a car-care centre workshop).
  2. By means of a planeness measuring instrument (an edge of a steel ruler) and probeа лезвийного type estimate degree of deformation of an interfaced surface of a head. If неплоскостность exceeds admissible value under Specifications, it is necessary to give a head in проточку to a car-care centre workshop.

If machining of heads of cylinders of engine V8 is made, it is necessary to subject also to processing and flanges of the inlet pipeline.


  1. Check up an interfaced surface of a head of cylinders on planeness infringement, filling for this purpose an edge probeа a demanded thickness under an edge of the steel ruler enclosed to a surface (a planeness measuring instrument) (a thickness probeа, corresponding the maximum admissible value неплоскостности can define under Specifications).
  1. Carefully survey saddles of valves in each of combustion chambers. In case of revealing on them of cavities, cracks or прогаров, the head demands carrying out of service of the valves which performance lies out of limits of qualification of the average mechanic-fan.
  2. Define a backlash between cores of valves and walls of directing plugs, having measured for this purpose size cross-section люфта a core of the valve by means of fixed on a head циферблатного a measuring instrument плунжерного type. The valve should be in the directing plug and on distance approximately 1,6 mm from the saddle. The measured value of size люфта for backlash definition should be divided into two. If after performance of measurements there are any doubts in correctness of an estimation of a condition of directing plugs of valves, they should be delivered for more exact check in a car-care centre workshop (cost of such check should be insignificant). If the backlash is excessive, directing plugs are subject to replacement.
  1. For definition of size of a backlash between a core of the valve and walls of the directing plug can be used циферблатный a measuring instrument плунжерного type (define size люфта a core in the directions specified by arrows).

Valves

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Carefully check up a working surface of a plate of each of valves on presence of signs of non-uniform deterioration, deformations, cracks, cavities and прогаров. Check up cores of valves on presence задиров, agnails and the wiped sites, necks of cores check up on presence of cracks. Повращав the valve, make sure of absence of signs of a bend of a core. Check up a core end face on presence of cavities and signs of excessive deterioration. Presence of any of the listed defects speaks about necessity of carrying out of service клапанного the mechanism in a car-care centre workshop.

Check up each of valves on presence of signs of deterioration and damages to the specified points

1 — a core End face
2 — the Flute under installation of crackers of the cutting lock
3 — the Core (the part least subject to deterioration)
4 — the Core (the parts most subject to deterioration)
5 — the Working surface of a plate of the valve
6 — the Cylindrical part (corbel) of a forming surface of a plate of the valve
  1. Measure width (height) of a cylindrical part (corbel) of a forming surface of a plate of the valve. If the width of a corbel any of valves lies below an admissible limit under Specifications, the valve is subject to replacement without fail.
  1. The width of a cylindrical part (corbel) of a plate of each of valves should meet requirements of Specifications (if the corbel is absent, the valve cannot be subject to the further use).

Components of valves

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Check up end faces клапанных springs on presence of cavities and deterioration signs. Measure free length of springs and compare results of measurements to requirements of Specifications to the given Chapter. If any of springs it appears more shortly admissible value it is considered "given" and to the further use is not subject. To recognise springs suitable for installation on the restored engine it is necessary to make check of effort of their compression (in a workshop of car-care centre by means of the special equipment).
  1. Measure free length of each of клапанных springs with the help нониусного or циферблатного a calliper.
  1. Establish each of springs on a flat surface and check up its quality торцовки. All deformed or "given" springs are subject to replacement without fail. Installation of springs with broken торцовкой conducts to the accelerated deterioration of directing plugs.
  1. Check up торцовку all клапанных springs.
  1. Check up plates of springs (or rotary support) and crackers on presence of cracks and deterioration signs. All components which are in a doubtful condition should be replaced new in order to avoid development of defects during operation of the restored engine.

Components коромысел

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Check up working surfaces коромысел (areas of contact with end faces of bars of pushers and cores of valves) on presence of cavities, attritions, задиров, roughnesses and deterioration signs. Also examine contact surfaces коромысел and their spherical support. Check up everyone them коромысел with a bolt and a nut of its fastening on presence of cracks.
  2. Check up end faces of bars of pushers on presence протертостей and traces of excessive deterioration. Take for a drive pushers on a flat surface (a large splinter of a windowpane) for revealing of their bend.
  3. Check up болтовые apertures on fastening коромысел in heads of cylinders on presence of damage of coils of a carving.
  4. All damaged or excessively worn out components are subject to replacement.
  5. If in the course of survey are revealed a bad general condition клапанного the mechanism and deterioration of its components over admissible limits that is the normal phenomenon in the engine demanding major repairs, establish components клапанного the mechanism back in a head and familiarise with recommendations about carrying out of service of valves (Has undressed Service of valves).