Jeep Grand Cherokee

1993-1999 of release

Repair and car operation



Jeep Grand Cherokee
+ Cars of mark Jeep Grand Cherokee
- Options and routine maintenance
   - The schedule of routine maintenance Jeep Cherokee
      Introduction
      The general information on options
      Checks of levels of liquids (each 400 km (250 miles) run or weekly)
      Check of a condition of tyres and pressure in them (each 400 km (250 miles) run or weekly)
      Check of level of a liquid of automatic transmission (each 400 km (250 miles) run or weekly)
      Check of level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel (each 4800 km (3000 miles) run or times in 3 months)
      Change of impellent oil and the oil filter (each 4800 km (3000 miles) run or times in 3 months)
      Check and battery service (each 4800 km (3000 miles) run or times in 3 months)
      Check of serviceability of system of cooling (each 4800 km (3000 miles) run or times in 3 months)
      Check of a condition and replacement of hoses passing under a cowl (each 4800 km (3000 miles) run or times in 3 months)
      Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers (each 4800 km (3000 miles) run or times in 3 months)
      Check of a condition of a suspension bracket and steering
      Check of a condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Level check трансмиссионного oils of a manual transmission (РКПП) (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Check of level of oil of a distributing box all-wheel drive (4WD) models (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Check of level of oil of differential (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Rotation of wheels (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Check of a condition of brake mechanisms (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Check of a condition of components of the power supply system (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Condition check, adjustment of a tension and replacement drive a belt (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Check of a condition of seat belts (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Check of functioning of the gauge-switch of the permission of start (only models with АТ) (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Chassis greasing (each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run, or times in 6 months)
      Replacement of the air filter (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Replacement of a liquid and the filter of automatic transmission (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Adjustment of tapes of automatic transmission (АТ) (models since 1994 вып.) (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Replacement трансмиссионного oils of a manual box (switching) of transfers (РКПП) (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Change of oil of a distributing box (model 4WD) (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Change of oil of differential (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Service of system of cooling (опорожнение, washing and refuelling) (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Check of a condition and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation картера (PCV) (engines V8) (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Check, procleaning and replacement of a hose of system of continuous ventilation картера (CCV) (6 cylinder engines) (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Check of serviceability of functioning of system of catching of steams of fuel (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Cleaning of the filter of ventilation картера (engines V8) (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Replacement of the fuel filter (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Replacement of spark plugs (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
      Check of a condition of candle wires, covers and бегунка the distributor (each 48 000 km (30 000 miles) run, or times in two years)
+ Рядный the six-cylinder engine
+ Engine V8
+ Procedure of the general and engine major repairs
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioning
+ The power supply system and release of the fulfilled gases
+ System of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and engine management
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Automatic transmission
+ Distributing box
+ Coupling and трансмиссионная a line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ System of an onboard electric equipment
+ Controls and operation receptions

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Check and battery service (each 4800 km (3000 miles) run or times in 3 months)

At check and battery service it is necessary to observe special safety measures. In battery banks always there is at the higher measure an inflammable hydrogen, therefore approach to a place of work with the lighted cigarette, and any sources of open fire is inadmissible. Work only неискрообразующим as the tool. The battery electrolit represents a solution of sulfuric acid and its hit in eyes and on open sites of a body is fraught with serious traumas. Besides, the electrolit easily destroys a fabric of clothes and a paint of panels of a body of the car. At a detachment from the battery of wires always begin with the negative. To connect it follows, on the contrary, to the last.

Service

The diligent approach to care of the battery with observance of intervals of routine maintenance is unique pledge of trouble-free start of the car. Before starting to work, make sure available near at hand the necessary equipment providing a guarantee of safe performance of procedures of service of the battery.

Tools and the materials necessary for service of the battery.

1 — Obverse screens/goggles - At removal of corrosion from plugs of the battery by means of a brush of a particle of crystallising acid can easily get to eyes
2 — Baking soda - the baking soda Solution in water is applied to corrosion neutralisation
3 — Beskislotnyj vaseline - Drawing of a layer of such vaseline on each of battery plugs also will help to prevent corrosion development
4 — the Adaptation for cleaning of plugs batteries/tips of wires - Of this kind the wire brush perfectly deletes from plugs batteries/tips of wires any traces of corrosion
5 — the Impregnated felt washers - Putting on of such washers of the plug of the battery directly under tips of wires will help to prevent corrosion development (track that washers of demanded type in case of a lateral arrangement of plugs have been picked up)
6 — the Stripper - Sometimes клеммные clips hardly give in to removal from battery plugs even after full отдавания a coupling bolt/nut. The such stripper will help to remove without damages clips from plugs in strictly vertical direction
7 — the Adaptation for зачистки plugs batteries/tips of wires - Other type of the smoothing out tool slightly different on a design and a principle of action from mentioned in point 4, however, intended for same purpose
8 — Rubber gloves - Are other means of personal protection at work with the battery; remember that in the battery acid contains!

At performance of procedures of service of the battery it is necessary to observe some special safety measures. Always preliminary disconnect all electric equipment and disconnect from the battery a negative wire.

In battery banks hydrogen, simultaneously fire - and explosive is continuously allocated. At all do not suppose casual искрообразования, and also do not come nearer to a place of work with the lighted cigarette or other kind of open fire. Battery gymnastics make in well ventilated premise.

The electrolit contains toxic and extremely aggressive sulfuric acid. Do not suppose electrolit hit in eyes, on open sites of a body, clothes and the painted surfaces of the car. Hit in an organism even insignificant quantity of electrolit extremely dangerously! During battery service necessarily put on protective gloves and points. Do not allow to come nearer to children to the battery.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Check up an external condition of the battery. If the positive plug of the battery and it клеммный a clip on your car are equipped by a rubber protector, check up it on presence of cuts and other damages. The protector should cover completely the plug together with a clip. Check up clips on reliability of fastening on plugs and presence of signs of corrosion. The case and a battery cover should not have cracks. The battery should fasten reliably on the pallet clamping laths. Check up both wires of the battery on all their length on presence of cracks and протертостей isolation.
  2. If during external survey of the battery corrosion traces are found out (in particular around an arrangement of plugs) which represent fragile white colour a crust, the battery should be removed for cleaning carrying out. A key ослабьте bolts клеммных clips - remember that by the first the negative wire should be disconnected - and remove clips from plugs. Then give fixture (a bolt with a nut) a clamping lath, remove a lath and take the battery from an impellent compartment.
  3. Carefully smooth out клеммные clips of wires one of special adaptations (see an illustration) and wipe their solution of baking soda. The same solution wash out plugs in the top part of a casing of the battery, however, watch, that the solution has not got in the battery. Cleaning spend in goggles and rubber gloves in order to avoid hit of splashes of a solution to eyes and on open sites of hands. The clothes should be dressed such that after it was not a pity to throw out it - splashes of the solution mixed with acid will lead to formation in a fabric of holes. If degree of corrosion of plugs is too great, preliminary smooth out plugs the special adaptation (point 7 see an illustration). Carefully rinse all smoothed out surfaces with pure fresh water.

At зачистке клеммных clips of tips of wires of the battery from them all traces of corrosion (apertures in clips have конусовидную the form answering to the form of plugs, therefore it is not necessary to be zealous excessively, removing too much material from walls of apertures) should be removed.

Without dependence from type of the tool applied for зачистки of plugs of the battery, the last should appear as a result absolutely pure and shining.
  1. Check up a condition of the pallet of the battery and bolts of clamping laths. If the battery is removed from the pallet, track, that at its bottom no tools and other extraneous subjects have been forgotten. At battery fastening on the pallet do not tighten clamping bolts of laths too hardly.
  2. All metal surfaces of the car damaged by corrosion should be processed and covered by a first coat on a zinc basis, then are painted.
  3. The information on removal and battery installation can be found in the Head System of an electric equipment of the engine. The order of carrying out of start of the car from the auxiliary power supply is described in the beginning of the given Management.

Gymnastics

During gymnastics in the battery there is a generation of the extremely explosive hydrogen. Do not smoke and do not approach to an installation site of the charged or recently charged battery with open fire. Coming nearer to the charged battery, put on goggles. Connect the battery to зарядному to the device and disconnect it from it only after deenergizing of the device from a network.


Manufacturers recommend to remove the battery from the car for carrying out of its gymnastics as gas allocated during procedure can damage the painted surfaces or furnish elements (depending on the equipment) the car. Carrying out of the accelerated gymnastics of the battery at the wires connected to it can lead to electric equipment failure.

The best from the point of view of completeness of restoration of initial characteristics are the gymnastics discharged to a condition when start of the car of the battery with slow speed is not provided. Such way of gymnastics well proves to be and at restoration of level of a charge of the battery of the car maintained in a mode of short routes with long parking at the muffled engine. Special value поддерживания level of a charge of the battery gets necessity in a winter season when engine start is especially complicated, and the electric equipment functions with the maximum loading.

Is better to use 1 - 2 амперным зарядным the device. Such power supplies provide the most safe mode of gymnastics with the minimum loadings on the battery. Besides, that also it is important, they are the least expensive. For fast gymnastics it is possible to take advantage высокоамперным of the power supply, however it is not necessary to apply 1/10 exceeding on productivity nominal ampere-sentry of the characteristic of the battery. The mode of gymnastics restoring the characteristics of the battery for 1 - is 2 hours the most intense in relation to the battery and can easily lead to an exit of last out of operation if it is not in the best condition. Of this kind зарядные devices should be applied only in extreme situations.

Average time of restoration of a charge of the battery is resulted in technical characteristics зарядного the devices, applied on the instruction on its operation. Usually it makes for 1 - 2 амперных зарядных devices from 12 till 16 o'clock.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Remove covers банок batteries (if those are provided) and stop up apertures with pure rags in avoidance разбрызгивания electrolits. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery from the battery and connect to its plugs of a wire from зарядного devices (with polarity observance - plus - to plus, a minus - to a minus), then include зарядное the device in a network. Track, that the handle of the selector of the device has been established in position 12 Century
  2. If you use the power supply with the rated current exceeding (1 - 2) And, whether is regular in a course to gymnastics check the battery has overheated. At gymnastics of the battery from 1 - 2 амперного the power supply, it is enough to track gymnastics course only first two hours then it is possible to leave safely the battery to be charged for the night without supervision.
  3. If the battery is equipped by demountable covers банок, the electrolit density should be checked with the help ареометра everyone some hours зарядного a cycle. Ареометры it is possible to get cheaply in any shop of automobile accessories - adhere to the instruction applied on the device. It is possible to consider the battery charged when the electrolit density does not change in two last measurements the interval between which makes 2 hours, and the electrolit in banks starts freely барботировать to (bubble). The difference between indications ареометра in various banks of the battery should be minimum, otherwise () it is necessary to consider the battery/bank faulty.
  4. Some batteries of tight type are equipped built in ареометрами and level of their charge is defined on the colour indicator through an observation port. Bright colour usually corresponds to the charged condition whereas indicator dimness specifies in necessity of additional charge of the battery.
  5. If the battery of tight type is not equipped built in ареометром, between its plugs for the control over gymnastics course it is possible to connect the digital voltmeter. Pressure of completely charged battery should make not more low 12.6 In the ambassador of removal of a superficial charge.
  6. Additional requirements on the battery and carrying out of start of the engine of the car from an auxiliary source can be found in the Head System of an electric equipment of the engine and in the Management beginning (Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply see).